Mesopotamian Social Order! icon-house(1).gif


By Mandy Davis and Robert Gumuchian!


Intro
Mesopotamia is the place between two rivers, the thing with living in a place like that is there is not much rain but the river floods and that gives the people their water and there space for where they plant their crops. The other thing that happened in Mesopotamia that was big is there were lots of people so they were all spit into groups, and those groups where to stay that way! In ancient Mesopotamia the most powerful people where the kings and queens. Kings and Queens got to boss around everyone, the people below the kings were the normal people. The normal people got slaves but they weren’t as powerful as the kings and queens were. At the very bottom of the social order are the slaves the slaves where owned by and Palaces and the authority. The normal people had only a little bit of power they had the power to have a slave usually the normal people had money but not as much as the Kings and Queens did. The Kings and Queens had there own riches and they were who everyone would look up to.

All Of The Different Places In Mesopotamia!
All Of The Different Places In Mesopotamia!
A Drawing Of Mesopotamia!
A Drawing Of Mesopotamia!




Slaves
Slaves are at the bottom of the social order. Some normal people who had money would buy a slave. Usually palaces or the athority own slaves. The owners of the slave would take them to the barber, and the barber would give the slave a special haircut that would notify that, that slave was a slave. Slaves where used around the house or the palace and they would do everything for the person who owns them. Slaves would have to do common chores like cleaning, cooking, and sometimes even other chores. Slaves were born into the family and raised to be a slave they didn't have a choice of who there parents where they where just born that way! Since slaves where at the bottom of the social order they did not get buried, people would just leave them.
Here Are Some Slaves Working!
Here Are Some Slaves Working!
Sometimes They Would Chain Up Slaves!
Sometimes They Would Chain Up Slaves!









Normal People
Normal People usually had some riches and they valued them with their life. Some normal people had enough money or enough riches to own a slave of their own. And other normal people keep going down in their reputation because they get robbed, or they do badly in their selling business so they might turn into a slave. Most normal people were farmers and that is how they got riches and money. Women who could afford having statues made of them, did so that people could worship it and so could their family. Most girls were trained at a young age on how to be housewives, mothers and housekeepers by their mothers. Some things that the girls were trained to do were grind grain make beer or, if they had a job that would involve their duties. The weird thing about mesopotamian women is that as soon as they have gone through puberty they are considered ready to get married, because they are considered to be "grown up!” Unlike ancient Egyptians the normal people did not believe the kings and queens were gods, just very important people.
This Is A Female Statue!
This Is A Female Statue!
This Mirror Was Used By Woman!
This Mirror Was Used By Woman!













Farmers
Farmers were one of the most important people in the Mesopotamian society, but they where still considered as lower class people and they didn't get much for all of the hard work they had to do. Farmers would sell their items to people, kings, and queens for other items. Some farmers would sell out to people as laborers to get little bits of food and water. Farmers domesticated the farms animals and plants. A day in the life of a farmer would be to get up early to check on everything, then have a little bit to eat, and then they'd get right to work by collecting food off of bushes and getting animals where they want them so they can kill it and eat it, or sell it. After a farmers work they would go to sleep then repeat what they did yesterday. Farmers hold a big part in the Mesopotamian society because they are the ones who get all the food for their families and other families to eat and survive.

This Is A Stone Bowl That A Mesopotamian Person Has Carved Of A Farmer With His Cattle!
This Is A Stone Bowl That A Mesopotamian Person Has Carved Of A Farmer With His Cattle!




Kings

Kings are the strongest people; they usually have royalty that runs in their family. Kings hold lots of power they live in a big palace and they have lots of slaves. Sometimes kings were picked even if they where a normal person but NEVER would the people allow a slave to be their king! Mesopotamian kings were very different from Egyptian kings. They were not treated like gods but, just people to look up to. Kings would each have their own palace and when they died a new king would get picked and they would bury the old one. When a king died everyone would gather around and dig a hole to bury the dead king. In Babylonia their was an Assyrian empire that was divided into spaces. Each space would have a governor who inforced laws, collected taxes, and sent workers when the temples where being built. Sometime in a city of Mesopotamia there would be a king that is very powerful and still to this day Nebuchadnezzar is remembered as the most powerful king of Babylonia.
external image 525834667_8a99fc948f.jpg?v=0<- Kings where known to be the toughest people!



Queens
Queens are at the top of the list (with Kings of course!) They get all of the attention! Mesopotamian Queens like to have festivals in order to celebrate how awesome they are. Queens have lots of riches and they hold lots of power. Queens would usually have statues made of them for others to worship. A queen’s statue would be made on a large plaque made from baked straw and tempered clay. When queens where getting statues made of them they usually where naked and although this might seem weird to people in our day it is what they did back then! Woman were originally painted red to show power but after a while they used different colors. When queens are painted with different color wings that point downwards on a statue it usually means that that queen was a goddess of the Underworld! Queens wore a special headdress that would show that they are a queen. They would also hold a rod that symbols her divinity and a ring that symbols justice.

This is a picture of a Mesopotamian Queen! -> external image 2089094122_08beccf7ce.jpg?v=0


References

~ Ancient worlds socials textbook, Page 73 scribes
~http://www.carlos.emory.edu/ODYSSEY/NEAREAST/homepg.html
~http://www.flickr.com/photos/8654434@N06/525834667/
~http://historylink101.com/ancient_mesopotamia.htm
~http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/civilizations/meso/soc/index.htmlhttp:www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/civilizations/meso/soc/index.htmlhttp:www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/civilizations/meso/soc/index.html
~http://mesopotamia.lib.uchicago.edu/learningcollection/search.php?theme=Role%20of%20Women
~http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/TRC/MESO/farmers.html
~http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/TRC/MESO/life.html