GREEK FAMILY LIFEicon-house(1).gif
BY: FLORENCIA & MAIA

Introduction:
There were many differnent roles in a greek family, and some were different depending on which part of Greece you lived in, and which family member you were. In this wikispace it will describe what the regular roles were in a Ancient Greek family, their homes, and food.

Houses :
Houses were made of of mud bricks, and were built on a layer of stones, lots of them had columns to hold up the roof. The windows were usually cut near the tops of walls. The number of rooms and floors depended on the owners wealth. For the average people, houses only had 3 rooms, but the rich people had more than one floor. Downstairs, in a room called the "andron" men entertained their friends. Upstairs, in a room called the "gynaeconitis" women, children, and female slaves worked and played, along with the bedrooms on the same floor. In the center of the house is an open courtyard with a statue of Zeus and maybe a water well, or an alter. There also might have been a kitchen. Since the walls were made of mud bricks, it was easy for burglars to steal things by just digging through the walls. The furniture in the houses were usually stools, benches, chests, and wooden couches with cushions and little tables. There were also clay lamps with olive oil in them as lights. They also put colourful hangings on the walls.

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Stavronikita monastery, a Greek Orthodox monastery in Athos peninsula, northern Greece.
Stavronikita monastery, a Greek Orthodox monastery in Athos peninsula, northern Greece.




Women & Pets:
Birds, dogs, goats, tortoises, and mice were all popular pets. Cats, however, were not.The women in the family were responsible for give birth to children, and managing the servants. They also knew how to weave very fine fabrics for clothes, make rugs, and tapestries. But the poor women had to do all the work in the house like cooking and cleaning. The women in Sparta were very different. They were educated, took part in the politics, independent, and also enjoyed sports. Girls were married at a young age, from 15-20 to men that there father, uncle, or brother had chosen usually around 30. The richer girls were probably married at a younger age then the poorer ones. There was no marriage ceremony, and if both husband and wife were citizens the girl would move in to the man's house and they were both legally married. But, if the wife wanted a divorce she just moved out, and if the husband wanted a divorce he could just ask his wife to leave. In some houses the his parents would live there, or a sisters unmarried or widowed sister along with some slaves.
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Boys & Girls:
In most parts of Greece the boys were more important than the girls. When girls were born, sometimes they were abandoned unlike boys. The families that could afford school sent the boys to school at the age of 6-15. They learned how to read, write, math, poetry, sport and learn music and get a good education. The girls would stay home and learn how to cook, weave, clean and look after the house. Some mothers taught their daughters how to read if they knew how. But, in Sparta the girls went to school and were taught how to be fit and strong. The boys were taught to be tough and the prepare to be a soldier later on in life. When they were 7 they were sent to a strict boarding school, and were taught how to use weapons that soldiers used and fight. The children played with toys made out of clay or leather, and played games like marbles, dice, checkers, and knucklebones. When the girls turned 15 years old, they threw away all their toys. When they turned 16 the boys in Athens trained for jobs. When they were 18 they were citizens and could vote, but the women and slaves could not.

Jobs and Weather:
Most of the people in Greece lived in the country side and were farmers, or craftsmen. But the important jobs were soldiers, scribes, artists, and peasants. Most of the jobs were inherited, so if your father was a soldier you were going to be a soldier. But, if men were not in any of those jobs they were in theater. The women were not allowed to watch or be in any theater, so men had to play female roles. On a farm everyone worked on the crops, not only men but women and children too. All the businesses were famliy-run, with a few slaves to help out, but the slaves did not have much to do there. On the farms they grew, olives, chickpeas, barley, lentils, onions, mint, parsley, figs, grapes and many other foods. They also kept goats for milk and cheese, and seafood was also a popular food. Greek people believed that uprooting a olive tree was bad luck.
The weather in Greece is 33.C, and in the average fo rainfall is 6mm, in winter is 15.C, and the average of rainfall is 65mm.
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Figs Chickpeas Olive Tree



References:
Bailey, Linda. "Adventures in Ancient Greece". Toronto: Kids Can Press, 2002
Clara, John. "Living History: Ancient Greece". San Diego: Gulliver Books, 1994
Macdonald, Fiona. "How Would You Survive as an Ancient Greek?". Belgium: A Division of Grolier Publishing, 1996
www.all-creatures.org
http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Life
http://www.crystalinks.com/greekculture.html
www.botanicalfeast.com
http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/greeks/people/family.htm
http://karenswhimsy.com/public-domain-images/ancient-greek-architecture/images/ancient-greek-architectuhttp://images.google.ca/imgres?
http://members.aol.com/bkdonnclass/Greeklife.html#FAMILY
www.sfakia-crete.comhttp://ancienthistory.pppst.com/greece.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greece